Similar Himalayan catastrophes seen differently in China and India

New Delhi — Originally divided by the colonial border that separated Tibet and colonial India, it is now the border of conflict between the two most populous countries in the world. The unprecedented Himalayas are told by two different paradigms, very clearly portrayed by them. Different political lines — democracy and communism. According to author and prominent Tibetan environmental expert Gabriel Lafitte, this division has caused confusion in understanding what is happening in the Himalayas.

Lafitte, author of the book “Tibetan Spoiling: Chinese and World Roof Resource Nationalism” Compared two different disastersThe Uttarakhand flood in India in February 2021 and the dramatic events in October 2018 flooded the Janze and Yarlung Tsangpo / Brahmaputra rivers in Tibet within two weeks.

The Uttarakhand flood occurred on February 7, after a portion of the Nanda Devi glacier broke, causing avalanches and floods, and sudden floods in three tributaries downstream of the Ganges. It damaged two hydropower projects, trapped many workers and killed 32 while 190 were missing. Indian daily newspaper, according to Hindus..

On the other hand, the catastrophe in Tibet Landslide that blocked the river cRegenerate the huge lake that caused the flood, Xinhua reported, Chinese state media.

“All three events have much in common. A steep valley carved by a river strong enough to cut deep into the continuous rise of the Himalayas. Glaciers are the upper flanks of rising mountains. Far above, the vertical gap between the glacier and the riverbed is a few or more, “says Lafitte. An article on his blog on February 11th.

He noted the fact that information about floods on the Indian side of the Himalayas was discussed and discussed, but on the Chinese side it was a state secret.

According to Lafitte, the catastrophe is unparalleled when millions of tons of ice, water, rocks and soil mix and sink miles to the bottom of the river. He said the world is designing Himalayan rivers at its own risk.

“When hopes for human rescue diminish, what remains is a debate about cause and effect. In democratic India, a debate about the stupidity of hydroelectric dams was rapidly debated. The silent Tibetan side. So, such an argument is not allowed, “said Lafitte.

China manages the water map of Asia after the Tibetan Plateau was annexed from where it promoted hydropolitics in Asia in 1951, Braham Chelanie said. Open, Indian magazine.. Chelanie is a prominent strategic geopolitician and author of two word-winning books on water, Water, Peace and War, and Water: A New Battlefield in Asia.

“Almost all of Asia’s major rivers originate from the Tibetan Plateau, and China is building a vast hydropower infrastructure to make itself an upstream water manager. Recently, the Rubber Seal Council has said. Just before the world’s highest river crosses India, it has ratified a controversial plan to build a megadam in Bramaptra (known to the Tibetans as Jarunzanpo), causing havoc in the lower reaches of India. It may be unleashed.

Epoch Times Photo
Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) personnel are standing outside the entrance to the Tapovan tunnel during a rescue operation in the Chamori district on February 11, 2021. February 7 (SAJJADHUSSAIN / AFP via Getty Images)

“Foolery a century ago”

Henry McMahon, an officer of the British Indian Army and a diplomat during the time when India was a British colony, drew a line at the top of the Himalayan glacier and set the boundary between British India and Tibet.

This McMahon Line has been accepted by India as its legal border. However, China is unaware of this and instead considers the actual line of control (LAC), which differs from McMahon Line to its location, as a de facto border. According to Lafitte, this caused a lot of confusion as its existence divided the adjacent Himalayas, which did not follow any political logic.

“Recent Sudden catastrophic collapse Because of the glaciers above the deep river valleys of Uttarakhand, India, they are also victims of McMahon’s logical but ridiculous peak-to-peak magic lines, “said Lafitte, the borders of the colonies and India. He added that China’s reality is dominated by contradictory politics. Ideology makes it difficult to get a complete picture of the Himalayan reality.

“The first report of the devastating flood of this outbreak (as scientists call it) was confused about what could have caused it, and a recent similar on the other side of the McMahon line. I didn’t know the event at all, so I didn’t have much foundation to compare. “

On the one hand, dramatic footage of the Uttarakhand flood was captured by a drone and made publicly available. Meanwhile, the drone footage of the Yangtze River and Yarlung Tsangpo / Bramaputra catastrophe was only available to party officials and was a state secret, Lafitte said.

According to him, while proper scientific analysis is not available, it can usually take years to understand such a Himalayan catastrophe.

“The gap that McMahon drew on the south and north sides of the Himalayas is a gift that continues the gap. India needs to summarize this story because there is no interest or awareness of the Yarlung Tsangpo dam, India is the Himalayas. Despite the fact that there are no dams to build on the river (so far), it has focused on the folly of hydraulic damming. China has focused on the Yarlung Tsangpo River, Zachu / Lankan / Mekong, Drichu / Jinsha. It’s about the same size as it’s built on other rivers flowing from Tibet, such as the Jiang / Janze, “says Lafitte.

Epoch Times Photo
Border Roads Organization (BRO) workers were destroyed in the Chamori district on February 13, 2021, after the Reini Bridge was washed away by flash floods believed to have been caused when the glacier ruptured on February 7. The Reini Bridge was rebuilt. (AFP via VirenderSingh Negi / Getty Images)

Increase confusion

Lafitte said there are other stories about catastrophes that were not true and caused confusion, such as the story of the floods in Uttarakhand. CIA nuclear monitoring equipment It was installed on a nearby mountaintop in 1965.

“Indian environmentalists are as quick as possible in democracy Because of the hydrodammerUttarakhand suggests that China is a lesson to watch out for and will not proceed with plans to build a 60 MW dam in the Yaguraura Gorge, “said journalists hearing about the 2018 catastrophe in Tibet. If so, there are two crashes and such a dam can never be built.

“No dam, no matter how well designed, can withstand tens of millions of tonnes of ice and rock falling from 4-5km above, faster than the Shinkansen,” he said.

He also stated that, contrary to the metaphor that the Himalayas are “fragile,” the Himalayas are actually “powerful and indifferent to human will.”

“The Tibetans always knew and respected this, making frequent offerings to the local gods and burning the smoldering juniper leaves as fragrant smoke every morning to please the gods,” Lafitte said. It was.

“Today we rely on numbers and the science that produces them. The gods of the place, the gods of the mountains, are fired as superstitions. We are not keen on eliminating fiction, but Henry McMahon. Evacuating under the wonderful line of the CIA is spreading the superstition about the CIA’s mountaintop surveillance device. “