Singapore and Indonesia signed three agreements on Tuesday to resolve “long-standing” bilateral issues related to defense cooperation, airspace management and fugitive delivery, Singapore’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
The Flight Information Region (FIR), Defense Cooperation, and Expulsion Agreement was signed in the presence of Singapore’s Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and Indonesia’s Prime Minister Jokowiddo during the withdrawal of leaders on Indonesia’s Bintan Island.
The two leaders agreed that the agreement “reflects the maturity of bilateral relations and is our commitment to solve long-standing problems that are friendly and constructively important to each other for the long-term mutual benefit of our country and its people. Is shown. ” statement Read.
The two countries have agreed to readjust the boundaries between FIRs for 25 years. During this period, Indonesia will delegate the provision of air navigation services in some of the airspace within the readjusted Jakarta FIR to Singapore.
This will allow Indonesia to regain more air traffic control over the Natuna and Riau Islands, which Singapore has managed since 1946 with the support of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
The agreement takes into account ICAO’s rules and may be extended by mutual consent, the ministry said.
Singapore and Indonesia have also signed a defense cooperation agreement to strengthen cooperation between the two forces, which will be valid for 25 years.
Under the agreement, Singapore can fully respect Indonesia’s sovereignty over its territory, including the archipelago and its territorial waters and airspace, and conduct military training and exercises in Indonesia in accordance with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. (UNCLOS).
The two countries have also signed extradition treaties permitting extradition for a comprehensive list of crimes. This is only if the delivery is governed by the laws of both countries and is subject to the necessary safeguards and provisions set forth in the Convention.
Indonesia’s Ministry of Investment and Maritime said in a statement that under the delivery agreement, 31 types of criminals could be handed over, applying to crimes committed 18 years ago.
The agreement would also mean that perpetrators could not escape justice by changing citizenship, he said.
“Therefore, the implementation of the extradition agreement will create a deterrent effect on felony in Indonesia and Singapore,” the statement said.
The issue of extradition has long been frustrating for Indonesia because of concerns that it will be difficult to bring a fugitive who has been accused of spending large amounts of money during the Asian financial crisis to trial.
The extradition treaty and defense cooperation agreement were signed in 2007 by Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Prime Minister Lee, but were never approved by the Indonesian parliament.
Reuters contributed to this report.