Elderly sitting and diabetes: Is timing important?
Sitting can do more than give you a headache. It is associated with diabetes and obesity. Stockfour / Shutterstock.com Adults are sitting more than ever, and few pay attention to how they sit all day long. Think about all the reasons we are sitting. First, you’re probably sitting while reading this. Some of the most common sitting activities include eating meals. Driving; Talking on the phone; Using a computer, TV, or small device. And reading. Now take a little more time to think about all the sitting things that have happened throughout your life. Older Americans spend a lot of time sitting down. Matthew Mclaughlin / Figshare, CC BY-SA In fact, sitting time increases over time. In addition, innovations such as Alexa, delivered groceries, and ready-made meal services are expected to allow many older people to sit longer and more often. As of today, the average older person tends to sit 56% to 86% of the day they are awake. It sits a lot. Our research team is studying healthy aging and is interested in how over-sitting contributes to heart disease and diabetes. Our 2018 study suggested that how older people accumulate sitting time may be important for diabetes-free aging. What happens when I sit down? If you sit for long periods of time without getting up, the muscles that support your leg’s heavy weight remain dormant. Without any effect, these muscles cannot efficiently use the sugars and fats floating in your blood-and in theory, this is for weight gain and metabolic disorders like diabetes. There is a possibility of connecting. At the same time, reduced blood flow in the arteries leads to a hostile condition that promotes damage to the walls of the blood vessels. Throughout life, this injury can contribute to heart disease and peripheral arterial disease. In addition, if the leg muscles remain blocked for extended periods of time, blood collects in the veins, increasing the risk of blood clots and deep vein thrombosis. Getting up and moving around can stop these processes, but in many cases we just stay seated. Blood flow can become “turbulent” and damage arteries. www.pexels.com Sitting Patterns Sitting patterns represent how people sit throughout the day. Some people generally sit for long periods of time at a time and rarely wake up. They are said to have a long sitting style. Others rarely sit still. They wake up regularly after sitting for only a short time. These sitters are said to have interrupted the sitting pattern. Where does it fit in the spectrum of the sitting pattern? Sitting can accumulate in different patterns. John Bellettiere / figshare.com, CC BY-SA Is the sitting pattern important for metabolic health? New evidence suggests Jesus. Observational studies show that adults with a long sitting pattern have a larger waistline, higher BMI, less fat in the blood, more fat, and more sugar than adults with a discontinued sitting pattern. I found that there are many. Researchers around the world have conducted experiments to test whether problems with fat and glucose metabolism are caused by sitting patterns.They took the adults to the laboratory at least twice and let them sit for about 8 hours in a row (extremely long pattern. On the second day, participants were asked to wake up every 20-30 minutes. (Very interrupted pattern). The interruption lasted 2-5 minutes and included rest, light gait, simple resistance exercise, or moderate intensity gait, depending on the study. Most researchers. When combining the evidence from the laboratory studies of, the results were clear. Our bodies are unable to metabolize fat and sugar, as well as the days when the pattern was interrupted. By comparison, long sitting days also resulted in higher blood pressure and fatigue. These groundbreaking laboratory studies show that sitting patterns have an immediate effect on how the body processes fat and sugar. This is also known as metabolism. Long-term sitting can contribute to metabolic disorders such as diabetes in later years. Diabetes takes a long time to develop. This question cannot be tested viablely in the laboratory because it can take. Instead, we turned to population observation studies to answer the question. Sitting is diabetic. Is it relevant? We recruited more than 6,000 women aged 65-99 from the Women’s Health Initiative and used a research-grade activity monitor to measure 7-day sedentary patterns, and women with diabetes. There were more than 20 years of detailed health records, including information on whether they had been diagnosed by a doctor. As expected, the group with the longest sedentary pattern had the most diabetic women. The group with the discontinued pattern had the least number of diabetic women. Using advanced statistical procedures, diet, physical activity, drug use, weight, age, alcohol and tobacco use, overall health. Explaining the differences between other factors such as, I was convinced that the sitting pattern actually drives the findings. However, I measured the sitting pattern before the woman was first diagnosed with diabetes. It should be noted that it was not clear whether the sitting patterns contributed to diabetes or whether diabetes changed their sitting patterns. We performed additional statistical tests to determine that. Shows that sitting patterns contribute to diabetes, but requires additional research that is particularly suitable for answering causal questions. is. Although this was the first study of sedentary patterns and diabetes in the elderly only, our results were significantly similar to recent findings in the young cohort. A Dutch researcher surveyed 2,500 adults aged 40 to 75 years and found that long-term sitting was associated with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Conclusions and Advice Based on our study and the findings of Dutch researchers, previous epidemiological data and findings from laboratory experiments show that sitting patterns contribute to the spread of the international diabetes epidemic. It seems. That said, like all science, these first few studies are just the beginning of the story. A lot of work is waiting for us. For the time being, as recommended by the American Diabetes Association, protection against diabetes by changing the sitting pattern, especially if long-sitting seizures are interrupted by constant mild or better moderate intensity activity. May be obtained. Recommended by the American Diabetes Association. Matthew Mclaughlin / figshare.com, CC BY-SA Thanks to Dr. Jonathan Anchart for helping with this article. This article has been republished by The Conversation, a non-profit news site that specializes in sharing ideas from academic experts. Read More: Beyond Olympic Gold: Children in the United States Are Enthusiastic about Aerobic Fitness What Doctors Say Based on 3 Studies Should Be Part Of Your Weight Loss Effort Diet Soda T32HL079891-11 and TL1TR001443) Andrea LaCroix is funded by the National Institute on Aging and the National Institute of Cardiopulmonary Blood in connection with this study. Matthew Mclaughlin does not work, consult, own shares, or receive funds for any company or organization that would benefit from this article.