Penn American Energy is in the early stages of developing a $6.8 billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Pennsylvania, the second largest natural gas producer in the United States. Texas is the top producer.
Penn American Energy founder and chairman Frank James testified that the company evaluated sites in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware, but also an as yet unidentified location on the Delaware River, possibly near the Port of Philadelphia. settled in , speaking at the October hearing of the Pennsylvania Senate Committee on Environment, Resources and Energy.
“There are lots under real estate contracts and we are looking to make a decision very soon,” James said, adding that a decision could still be made this year. He expects the construction of the LNG terminal will require the employment of 2,000 union workers.
He testified that Pennsylvania is an ideal location logistically, and shipped to customers around the world.
Once liquefied, natural gas takes up less space. Approximately 50 miles of pipeline would be required to connect the existing pipeline in Pennsylvania to the planned terminal.
The facility will be able to process 7.2 million tons of LNG annually, equivalent to about 1.2 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day, Frank said.
“With the channel from Delaware Bay to Ben Franklin Bridge being dredged to 45 plus 2 feet, our facility can accommodate 95% of the world’s liquefied natural gas ships, regardless of location,” says Frank. said. He said. “Our construction schedule is 48 to 52 months.”
The company plans to submit a plan to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in 2023 and make a final investment decision by 2024.
Construction could begin in 2025 and the first cargo could ship by 2028, depending on the FERC approval process.
At the same hearing, Ivo Konstantinov, president of the American Chamber of Commerce in Bulgaria, said that much of Europe depends exclusively on natural gas supplied by Russia, and that the region is becoming more and more weaponized, politically influential. testified that he was at risk of bribery. , and corruption.
“The situation became clearer with the 2014 Crimean invasion and now [Russian President Vladimir] Putin’s order to invade Ukraine in February dramatically reduced the level of Russian gas we consume as a European country,” Konstantinov said. “When news of the invasion came out, gas markets responded with price increases, and since then Russia and Europe have engaged in a game of chicken. Russia has the means to weaponize gas into Europe.”
He called for the release of US LNG so that Europe would not have to depend on Russia.
“U.S. LNG exports play an important role in ensuring the energy security of Europe, U.S. allies, U.S. national interests, moral imperatives, and economic interests, particularly in South-Eastern Europe, where I am from. We are doing it,” Konstantinov said. He added that Europe wants to diversify its energy resources. “Like World War I and World War II, the United States intervened to support its European allies and preserve world peace and U.S. interests. It’s attractive.”
Michal Kurtyka, former Minister of Climate and Environment of Poland, testified that natural gas is part of a net-zero solution in Europe and that demand for LNG is expected to rise dramatically.
“There is an immediate need for existing off-the-shelf power generation technologies to balance renewable energy efforts,” said Kurtyka. “Right now, the existing off-the-shelf technology is natural gas power generation. In 2020 to 2020, energy demand will increase by a factor of 2 to 3. Structural alternatives such as nuclear and geothermal for baseload power generation will take much longer.”
He predicted an imminent need for importing 1-2 trillion cubic feet of natural gas from the United States annually in Central and Eastern Europe, and advocated this project to meet that need.
A recently signed Pennsylvania bill calls for the creation of a task force to investigate the obstacles currently preventing Philadelphia from becoming a leader in LNG exports. The Task Force is responsible for preparing reports and recommendations to be submitted to the General Assembly and the Administration. The task force is made up of people representing the General Assembly, the natural gas industry, the Philadelphia building industry, and Philaport, a shipping port on the Delaware River.
The bill was sponsored by Republican Rep. Martina White.
“Pennsylvania can and should be a leader in the production and export of clean energy sources like domestically produced liquefied gas. We have a port in Delphia that we can use for export,” White said in a statement. “We are changing the world for the better with infrastructure less than 50 miles from Pennsylvania. The LNG export facility here will reduce carbon emissions globally and promote U.S. energy independence.” and help promote peace in European allies no longer dependent on tyrannical governments for energy supplies, create high-paying jobs, and make energy cheaper for families and job creators throughout Pennsylvania. .”
State Senator Gene Yeo, a Republican who organized the hearing, said today there is no carbon-neutral future without natural gas.
“We have the power to produce and export the world’s cleanest LNG, while keeping emissions low and liberating European countries from Russian energy dominance. What are our next steps?” It seems pretty clear to me what to do,” Yeo said in a statement. “As long as we wear our clothes, eat our food, drive our cars, even with electric cars, the demand for natural gas will never go away, either here or in Europe. What a blessing it is to be a producing country, and we should make the most of it.”