The earthquake came first. Then a hurricane. Haiti is now preparing for the outbreak of illness.


Residents will wait for food rations two days after the magnitude 7.2 earthquake in Les Cayes, Haiti, on August 16, 2021.

Residents will wait for food rations two days after the magnitude 7.2 earthquake in Les Cayes, Haiti, on August 16, 2021.

Residents will wait for food rations in Les Cayes, Haiti, on August 16, 2021, two days after the magnitude 7.2 earthquake. Credit-Joseph Odelyn-AP

On August 14, a catastrophic earthquake of magnitude 7.2 struck southwestern Haiti, killing 2,189 people, injuring 12,268 and leaving at least 332 missing. A few days later, the blessings of a tropical cyclone struck a devastated landscape, hindering complex search and rescue missions. But aid groups say this is just the beginning of the crisis.

Nearly 12 million island nations faced disasters one after another in the coming weeks. In July, President Jovenel Moise Assassinated Increasing allegations of corruption. The country has suffered from poverty, illness and infrastructure destruction since the catastrophic earthquake that killed more than 200,000 people in 2010.

This time another quake and the storm that followed left Haiti apart.According to the United Nations Estimate, 40% of the total affected population needs urgent humanitarian assistance. In some areas, up to 15 inches of rain caused flash floods and landslides, blocking roads to communities in urgent need of help.

消防士は8月15日にレカイの損傷した建物内で生存者を捜索します。<spanclass ="著作権"> Joseph Odelyn—AP </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ api / res / 1.2 / 5flAk9jUEddyqQ7Tq7ZqLA-~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /<noscript><img alt= Joseph Odelyn—AP “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ 5flAk9jUEddyqQ7Tq7ZqLA-~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /

Firefighters search for survivors in a damaged building in Les Cayes on August 15.Joseph Oderin — AP

8月14日、レカイの地震で破壊されたプチパスホテルの外に人々が集まります。<spanclass ="著作権"> Joseph Odelyn—AP </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ4Mi45MjU-/ /1.2/5EjgUV62qMTNud84VXuNtg–~B/aD0xNjQ0O3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg–/<noscript><img alt= Joseph Odelyn—AP “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ4Mi45MjU-/ ~ B / aD0xNjQ0O3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg– / “class=”caas-img”/>

On August 14, people gather outside the Petit Pass Hotel, which was destroyed by the Les Cayes earthquake.Joseph Oderin — AP

8月19日にレカイの仮設テントキャンプで地震により避難した人々。<spanclass ="著作権"> Adriana Zehbrauskas — New York Times / Redux </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ res / 1.2 / VZanl6kBTXA.F7DMY90P8w–~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg– / “<noscript><img alt= Adriana Zehbrauskas — New York Times / Redux “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ F7DMY90P8w-~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /” class=”caas-img”/>

People evacuated due to the earthquake at a temporary tent camp in Les Cayes on August 19.Adriana Zehbrauskas — New York Times / Redux

“There are many deaths and many destructions,” Henri, CEO of CORE, a community-oriented aid organization, tells TIME. “We’re seeing the numbers go up slowly, and that’s a lot worse than what I was afraid of.”

In the most affected areas (Sud, Grand’Anse, Nippones) 61,000 The house was destroyed. Floods caused by storms have forced people to evacuate into unstable buildings.

Humanitarian activists are at risk as well. WesComfort, a leader in recovery and response at the support organization Heart to Heart International, told TIME that his medical team chose to sleep in the hood of the car. “Everyone is very wary of sleeping indoors, so last night we went camping and heard the aftershocks rattle. [mayor’s] office. “

Aid groups are now afraid that the deadly combination of landslides, debris fall and floods will increase the risk of illness for locals.

8月18日のラジルでの地震で亡くなった人の葬列中に人々が川を渡る。<spanclass ="著作権"> Adriana Zehbrauskas — New York Times / Redux </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ res / 1.2 / DDbn4hzcfkHswlIHIsk6eg–~B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg– / “/><noscript><img alt= Adriana Zehbrauskas — New York Times / Redux “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ -~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- / “class=”caas-img”/>

People cross the river during the burial of those who died in the August 18 earthquake in Rasil.Adriana Zehbrauskas — New York Times / Redux

8月18日のガラス川での地震によって引き起こされた地滑りの際に道路を覆った瓦礫の上を男が歩く。<spanclass ="著作権"> Matias Delacroix—AP </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA-/ res / 1.2 / vJ7YvB3ixZ7w5GDvC3Uwig-~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg-/ “<noscript><img alt= Matias Delacroix—AP “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ -~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /” class=”caas-img”/>

A man walks on the rubble that covered the road during a landslide caused by the August 18 earthquake on the Glass River.Matthias de la Croix — AP

地震で負傷した人の中には、8月16日にレカイで利用可能なベッドがなかったため、廊下や総合病院の床で支援を受けている人もいます。<span class ="著作権"> Orlando Barría — EPA-EFE / Shutterstock </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ res / 1.2 / 7.TYmQpOOkUKWzemvWnBeA–~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg– / “/><noscript><img alt= Orlando Barría — EPA-EFE / Shutterstock “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA-/ TYmQpOOkUKWzemvWnBeA–~B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /″ class=”caas-“

Some of the people injured in the quake are being assisted in corridors and general hospital floors due to lack of beds available in Les Cayes on August 16.Orlando Barrier — EPA-EFE / Shutterstock

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is also an urgent concern.Haiti reported during the pandemic process 184 Confirmed cases of COVID 19 and 582 deaths per 100,000. However, due to poor infrastructure, testing is very limited. The confirmed cases are probably higher.

However, this week’s natural disaster risks spreading the spread of the coronavirus through the rarely vaccinated population.Haiti Last country Vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccine in the Western Hemisphere and vaccinated with the first vaccine batch Moderna dose of 500,000 doses on July 16th.

When the earthquake struck, CORE just opened several COVID-19 vaccine clinics. “They are mainly in the west [part of the country]”Lee told TIME. “We were spreading south, and this happened, and this would make it much harder to get there as we planned.”

Muhamed Bizimana, Haiti’s assistant country director for the CARE aid organization, told TIME that his team was concerned about the possibility of another wave of COVID-19. “We are concerned about the environment created by the entire devastation. [is] It creates new conditions for outbreaks, “he said.

Aid groups say they encourage people to evacuate to the ground at home rather than in crowded camps. This can spread the virus further. “this [the earthquake] It happened only on Saturday. So now we are still in the incubation period, “said Vizimana.

地震で負傷した女性は、8月16日にレカイの病院に運ばれます。<span class ="著作権">Ricardo Arduengo — Reuters</ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA-/ res / 1.2 / aF5Ytcp7mjOy9veLcPRIXg-~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- / “<noscript><img alt=Ricardo Arduengo — Reuters“src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ -~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /″ class=”caas-img”/>

The woman injured in the earthquake will be taken to a hospital in Les Cayes on August 16th.Ricardo Arduengo — Reuters

男性は、8月18日にレカイで家の瓦礫から体を取り戻した後、フランソワ・エルメイの遺骨を含む棺を積み込みます。<span class ="著作権"> Joseph Odelyn—AP </ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ res / 1.2 / poLR2pXpI6mx4IFhNKgrZQ-~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg-/ “/><noscript><img alt= Joseph Odelyn—AP “src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ -~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- / “class=”caas-img”/>

The man regains his body from the rubble of his house in Les Cayes on August 18, and then loads a casket containing the body of François Elmei.Joseph Oderin — AP

8月19日にレカイの建物が揺れた後、人々は家の外で休憩します。<span class ="著作権">Ricardo Arduengo — Reuters</ span>“src =” “data-src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ res / 1.2 / wKc4Bm_I2LlPDNMWp29I9g–~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg– / “<noscript><img alt=Ricardo Arduengo — Reuters“src =”–/YXBwaWQ9aGlnaGxhbmRlcjt3PTcwNTtoPTQ3MA–/ -~ B / aD0xNjAwO3c9MjQwMDthcHBpZD15dGFjaHlvbg- /″ class=”caas-img”/>

After the building of Les Cayes shook on August 19, people rest outside the house.Ricardo Arduengo — Reuters

Poor hygiene and damage to water systems also raise concerns about water-borne diseases.In Pest, Granance, almost 1,800 The earthquake cracked a tank of clean water.

The stagnant water caused by the flood also becomes a breeding ground for mosquitoes. According to Dr. Maureen Birmingham, Haiti representative of Pan American and the World Health Organization, the country has made progress in combating malaria before the setbacks and political unrest caused by COVID-19.

Birmingham has a medical team called “Diarrheal Diseases, Respiratory Diseases, […] Due to poor hygiene, poor hygiene, and congestion. “”[It’s] I don’t know which one is the most worrisome. “

Cholera is something everyone cares about.The first occurrence in this country was after the 2010 earthquake, and as a result, almost 10,000 Deaths (number. Waterborne diseases continued to spread throughout the population and were particularly serious. gain After Hurricane Matthew in 2016.

The last confirmed case of cholera in Haiti was reported in February 2019, according to a UNICEF report. Birmingham states that risk is “very much in the spotlight.”