The end of Chad’s “Great Survivor”


Idriss D & # xe9; by

Idris Devi

Chad’s 30-year president, Idriss Dévi, was known as the “great survivor,” but his luck was finally exhausted.

The 68-year-old boy, who had just been re-elected in his sixth term, was killed in a clash with advancing rebels, ending his career as defined by his military forces.

A French-trained officer and pilot, he led the army under the infamous administration of President Hissene Habret in the 1980s, and the two dropped out.

He fled the country and went to Libya, where he traded with Captain Mu’ammar Kadafi (the enemy of Habre) and helped to revolt in exchange for information about the CIA’s operations in Chad.

He and his rebels marched into the capital N’Djamena in December 1990, but over the last three decades he has faced many challenges and many coup plans.

In 2006, rebels were just outside the presidential palace, lobbying grenades across walls. From 2008 to 2009, as other fighters progressed, he dug huge trenches around the city and cut down all the huge trees that lined the streets to prevent them from re-entering the city.

Fearful and powerful

Observers say it’s not surprising to hear that Debbie died on the front lines because he was incredibly involved in dealing with the complaint-if his commander felt out of control. , Often will be in charge of combat.

A photo taken on March 16, 2008 shows part of a 3 m deep trench dug by the Chad government around the capital N'Djamena, attacking by rebels based in the eastern part of the country. I'm preventing it.

Deep trenches were dug around N’Djamena in 2008 to prevent the rebels from advancing.

As a military commander, and as president, he was afraid-people say he had an aura about him, which meant they didn’t want to ruin him.

And whenever there was a threat of some sort, he didn’t hesitate to crack down.

This is easily believed from the pictures-he is tall and imposing-looks a little proud-but he is wise when it comes to diplomacy and often buys enemies.

Analysts also said they knew exactly what it took to put Chad together and knew exactly what France, the former colonial nation, and the West wanted, and told them. Gave.

Battle of jihadistism

Debbie proved this in the fight against Islamic extremists in the Sahel region, a semi-arid region just south of the Sahara Desert, including Mali, Chad, Niger, Burkina Faso and Mauritania.

Chad soldiers are driving at a pickup near Iriba in northern Chad-March 2009

Chad Army uses pickup trucks to move fast through the desert

Debbie sent his troops to Nigeria when Nigerian troops failed to stop the Boko Haram rebels occupying the territory of northeastern Nigeria in 2015 and unrest spread to other countries adjacent to Lake Chad. ..

His unit also played an important role in the powerful G5 unit of 5,000, which was established in 2013 after France intervened in Mali to prevent hijacking by jihadist groups.

Debbie also apparently defined how to fight in the region when he led Chad’s army against Libyan military forces in 1987.

Known as the “Toyota War,” he used high-speed pickup trucks equipped with missiles and heavy machine guns to defeat the Libyans, a tactic commonly used in the region today.

Oil heritage wasted

Muslim Debbie was born in northern Chad in 1952, eight years before the country became independent of France. His father is reportedly a Zaghawa herder.

French President Emmanuel Macron welcomes Chad leader Idris D before lunch at President Elysee's Palace-November 12, 2019

Idriss Dévi, who was seen here when he visited Paris in 2019, had a close relationship with France.

Some critics say his only biggest failure was to put his clan in front of his country.

But when it comes to Chad’s oil, it is his legacy that is considered to have missed his greatest opportunity.

Chad became an oil-producing country in 2003, completing a $ 4 billion (£ 2.6 billion) pipeline connecting the oil fields to the Atlantic terminal.

According to observers, Debbie wasted billions of dollars in oil assets and did not oversee the major developments of a country where poverty was widespread.

He is believed to have had some health problems over the years and is known to fly to Paris for liver treatment.

In Chad, according to the World Health Organization, there are less than four doctors per 100,000.

Debbie’s strong domination included some of the underlying political, social, and developmental pressures in Chad. They were not resolved-and his death could mean tremendous uncertainty for the country.

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