The summit represents Biden’s big vision for the fight against climate change


Washington (AP) —What did the world learn about the vision of the fight to save the world’s climate at Joe Biden’s Global Summit?

Biden and his team of climate experts argued for two days that tackling global warming could not only avoid existential threats, but also benefit the US economy and the world.

Based in White House 40 global leaders who have spoken to the world’s online audienceProvided fresh details on how the United States wants to step up its climate efforts while leveraging international action to promote new technologies to save the planet.

Biden started the meeting by announcing its goal of reducing US greenhouse gas emissions by up to 52% by 2030. This is twice the goal set by President Barack Obama in the 2015 Paris Agreement. The 2030 goal will push the United States to the top tier of the country on climate change ambitions.

Marshall Shepherd, a climate expert at the University of Georgia, said, “This goal is to raise your eyebrows, but you have to. To move the needle into a climate crisis, individual or step-by-step actions. Instead, we need such bold action. Only. “

The United States and other new targets have received almost positive reviews, but still a little to what some scientists say is necessary to avoid the possibility of global temperatures rising by 1.5 degrees Celsius. Not enough.

Bill Hare, director of Climate Analytics, Berlin’s climate science think tank, said his team calculated that the United States would need to reduce emissions by 57% by 2030 to maintain the 1.5 degrees Celsius route. Said. He calls the new goal “a really big improvement,” but he also says “not enough.”

Still, the US goal is ambitious, by a team of aides tested in his combat, including Obama’s Vice President Biden, as well as climate envoy John Kerry and White House adviser Gina McCarthy. It reflects the lessons learned. Both took office in the Obama administration.

Biden and his team “absorbed the lessons of the Obama era,” including seeing a “stumbling block” in climate foreign policy at the unfortunate 2009 Copenhagen Summit, Mr Hair said. “What shocked me was how fast this moved,” says Biden less than 100 days after taking office.

Biden, 78, has been known as a cautious and mainstream politician for 40 years in public life as the president has shown a willingness to take positive action on issues ranging from virus relief to immigration.

“In so many areas, he’s far more daring than Obama right outside the gate, and that certainly applies to the climate,” said a former Obama Whitehouse adviser, now Senior Vice President of the Environmental Defense Fund. Nat Keohane said.

The message from the White House is clear, Keohane added: “The United States is ready to go all-in to defeat the climate crisis.”

At the end of Friday’s meeting, Mr Biden said he began to see the economic opportunities of the fight against climate change as a silver lining of clouds that threatened the future of the world.

“My mother always said,’Joe, something good will come’when something very bad happens to our family,” said Biden, who has been repeatedly touched by the tragedy. It was.

In terms of climate, the good thing Biden looks forward to is the opportunity to create millions of jobs with the clean energy and technology needed to rebuild the global economy and slow global warming.

“Is there anything else you can think of that you can create as many good jobs as you can in the middle of the 21st century?” He asked.

The climate crisis has also provided the United States with the opportunity to collaborate with long-time rivals such as Russia and China. Biden often disagreed with Russian President Vladimir Putin, but Russian leaders are now “talking about how to recover carbon from space,” Biden said.

Despite their differences, “two big nations can work together to accomplish something … it benefits everyone,” Biden said.

His decision to re-enter Biden’s Paris Agreement and host the summit was welcomed by world leaders.

“We are delighted that the United States is back in climate politics. If we really want to reach our ambitious goals, there is no doubt that the world needs your contribution,” said Germany. Chancellor Angela Merkel told Biden.

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa added in a climate change game, “I am very pleased that the United States is back.”

Alice Hill, a senior researcher on energy and the environment at the Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, said, “The United States still has cash,” even after four years of inaction on climate change under President Donald Trump. Said. She pointed out that world leaders would be present in both friendly and cold terms with the United States, including China, Russia, Germany and Brazil.

Kelly, who has worked on climate issues for a long time as a senator and former Secretary of State, is important to delay global warming and “avoid the worst consequences” of the climate crisis over the next decade. Said.

“This must be a decade of decision,” Kelly said.

But even if Biden chooses to tackle climate change heavily, his plans struggle with continued resistance from Congressional Republicans and the creation of the technology companies need at an affordable scale. We are facing obstacles such as the reality of being there.

Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell has rejected Biden’s plan, which includes a $ 2.3 trillion infrastructure package, as costly and ineffective.

The infrastructure bill includes spending up to $ 1 trillion on clean energy and climate change. This includes 500,000 charging stations for electric vehicles, expansion of solar and wind power, and technology to capture and store carbon pollution from coal-fired power plants. Approximately $ 174 billion will help schoolchildren, commuter, and truck drivers get on electric cars and buses, and $ 50 billion will make the infrastructure more resilient to climate-related volatile weather. To make things happen, $ 100 billion will be spent updating the power grid.

The administration has touted the bill as an “American employment plan,” and Moody’s Analytics estimates an increase in employment of about 2.7 million people.

Failure to adopt the package could ruin Biden’s commitment to cut carbon emissions in half, but authorities have made significant progress through administrative regulations by the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Transportation, and other agencies. It states that it can be achieved.

The White House says officials keep in touch with Republicans, reminding them that the idea of ​​the proposal is widely popular with a wide range of Americans.

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Associated Press writer Josh Boak contributed to the story.