Geneva (AP) — UN Human Rights Officer in Ethiopia on Wednesday War all year round “Extreme atrocities” have been marked as a joint investigation of atrocities allegedly negligent on all sides for committing abuse, but avoid saying who is most responsible. rice field.
Investigation was hampered by Intimidation of authorities And limited, did not visit some of the most affected places in the war.
A rare collaboration between the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the government-founded Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, the report was released a year before the war and was the second most populous country in Africa. New emergency Rival Tigray troops are threatening the capital.
The United Nations told The Associated Press that teams need help to access problem areas where Ethiopian authorities are significantly blocking the entry of journalists, rights groups and other outside observers.
In the conflict that broke out in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, the government of Nobel Peace Prize-winning Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed invaded Tigray by soldiers from neighboring Eritrea to fight the Tigray army that previously ruled the country. Abby, who has killed thousands of people since allowing him to join the army, took office. Since then, Tigrinya peoples across the country have reportedly been targeted for arbitrary detention, but Tigrayan civilians have described mass rape. famine And a large amount of expulsion.
“In western Tigray, it was clear that the Tigrayans had left most of the area because it was difficult to find them to interview,” the new report said.
The joint investigation covered events until late June, when the Tigray army regained much of the area, but failed to visit some of the most deadly places in the war. Aksum City, For security and other obstacles. In particular, according to the report, these obstacles included the failure of the Ethiopian government to release satellite phones procured for investigation.
Investigations have shown that all sides, including troops from the neighboring Amhara region claiming western Tigray, have been ill-treated, which could correspond to crimes against humanity and war crimes. It breaks new ground and generally confirms the abuse described by witnesses throughout the war. However, there is little sense of scale, just saying that the more than 1,300 rapes reported to the authorities are likely to be far less than they actually are.
Despite the shortcomings of the report, the Prime Minister’s Office said in a statement, “It clearly proved that genocide’s allegations were false and had no factual basis.” The statement pointed out a “serious reservation” for the report, but claimed to have made a “claim of ominous rest” and called for the need to “double our efforts” to hold the perpetrators accountable. Admitted. He said a high level task force would be formed.
In some findings, several Ethiopian military camps were used to torture captured Tigray troops or civilians suspected of supporting them.others Detained Arbitrary detention is often practiced in “secret places” and military camps across the country. Tigray troops detained and in some cases tortured some Amharic civilians in western Tigray on suspicion of supporting the army early in the war.
“The Tigray War is characterized by extreme atrocities. The severity and seriousness of the violations and abuses we have documented underscores the need to hold perpetrators accountable in all respects.” Michelle Bachelet, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, said.
Still, the report shows few signs of that Eritrean soldier Many of the atrocities were responsible, as witnesses have claimed since the early days of the war. Until March, the Ethiopian Prime Minister even denied they were in the country.
“Some of the absolute worst breaches have been committed by the Eritrean Defense Force,” said Jeffrey Feltman, the Horn of Africa envoy, on Tuesday.
The Ethiopian government imposed a blockade on Tigray as the Tigray army regained control in June, blocking almost all access to goods and humanitarian aid. It followed the massive looting and destruction of food and crops across the region that “had a serious socio-economic impact on civilians,” the report said. In addition, some camps for refugees fleeing the war had not received food rations for months.
Still, the joint investigation “could not confirm the intentional or intentional refusal of humanitarian assistance to Tigray civilians, or the use of hunger as a weapon of war.” It requested further investigation.
A new report, based on more than 260 interviews with victims and witnesses, said there was no response from the Eritrean government or Amhara regional authorities, and the Tigray army opposed the involvement of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. The report acknowledged that the presence of EHRC staff could interfere with the interview.
According to the survey, the Ethiopian government should “consider” the establishment of courts to ensure accountability, and the international community should “support” the government’s recovery of stability.
The Ethiopian government has stated that it will pursue accountability to the perpetrators, but the new report has expressed concern that “the investigations conducted by Ethiopian state agencies do not match the scope and scope of the identified violations.” increase.
Cara Anna reported from Nairobi, Kenya.