The United States has a surplus of COVID-19 vaccine. This is why Mexico needs to get it first.

With President Biden adding the Johnson & Johnson vaccine to the country’s vaccine stock 100 million more times, the United States has not only achieved its goal of vaccination of all adults by June, but millions of times. Vaccination may result in surplus. Share with other countries.

Recent announcements US plans to “finance” Mexico The 2.5 million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine are a promising start, but as the United States rolls out a larger strategy for vaccine diplomacy this summer, we will face important questions again: who is the first?

There is a simple answer to that. Mexico is the first.

Why Mexico when many other countries are in desperate need?

Justification can be summarized in three words: dead, flow, and friendship.

Essential workers cross borders

Mexico was struck by the coronavirus. Of the 20 countries most affected by COVID-19, Mexico Highest mortality rate, 9 people died per 100 confirmed cases. This is four times that of the United States. Over 2.1 million people Infected person (number As of March 2021, Mexico is ranked 14th and 3rd among the most infected countries in the world. For the dead worldwide..

Single dose Johnson & amp; bottle Johnson Janssen Covid-19 vaccine awaits transfer to syringe.

A single-dose bottle of Johnson & Johnson Janssencovid-19 vaccine awaits transfer to a syringe.

Mexico’s vaccination campaign is organized from pastiche of undelivered supplies purchased from Russia, China, the United Kingdom and the United States. The World Health Organization’s vaccination initiative, COVAX, may help, but 156 countries are already in the queue.

It would be noteworthy if Mexico could vaccinate 126 million people without help by the summer of 2022.

To understand why the deployment of Mexican glacier vaccines is important to the United States, we need to talk about flows.

Consider this: over 6 million Freight truck container crosses US-Mexico border In the United States or Mexico, these truck drivers are essential workers who enable the prosperity of commerce.

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The port of San Isidro-Tijuana, the world’s fourth busiest border crossing, had more than 36 million people. Vehicles and pedestrian crossings In 2019, there will be many commuters in this workforce. Since the border closure in March 2020, much of this commercially essential traffic has continued.

From tourism to trade, we are linked

There is another flow. Tourism attracts millions of Americans to the south each year. Even today, Mexico prepares for the waves of thousands of youthful American spring breaks eager to bathe on the beaches of Mazatlan and Puerto Vallarta.

Estimated 1.5 million people Americans live in mexico, San Carlos, Sonora, Lake Chapala, Jalisco, San Miguel, Guanajuato and other communities. Many of these expatriates travel the state on a regular basis. As they move, so do the viruses.

Family and friends also need to promote US aid. Even if there is a fusion of need and fraternity, it lies beyond the 1,954 mile boundaries we share and the relationships that connect them.

Mexico is our second largest trading partner and Homeland of 62% of our largest ethnic minorities, The Latino population of the United States. Mexico is also a powerful strategic ally that the United States relies on to help solve many common problems.

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These ties are very noticeable along the boundaries. Sister cities like El Paso and Ciudad Juárez are interdependent and mix every day. Border cities are home to many families with grandparents, siblings, aunts, uncles, children and parents in both counties.

Cross-border retailers rely on these cross-border visits. Restoring the normality of families and retailers of all kinds requires immunization of 15 million inhabitants along the border.

This cannot be solved without Mexico

In short, border communities cannot resolve a health crisis locally without a nearby solution. Controlling viruses at the border is an international effort.

So should Mexico continue to be supported when the United States develops vaccine diplomacy? You think it should be.

AstraZeneca’s planned dose lending is lacking only on the surface of Mexico’s urgent viral plight and requires a more comprehensive bilateral strategy. Bilateral vaccine campaigns should be prioritized for the benefit of the United States alone. In addition, there were few well-meaning gestures to restore Mexico’s trampled belief in its North American neighbors.

If President Biden wants to reset relations between the United States and Mexico, start here.

Irasema Coronado is the director of the School of Cross-Border Studies at Arizona State University. Eva Moya is an associate professor of social work at the University of Texas at El Paso, specializing in border health and community involvement. Stephen Mumme is a professor of political science at Colorado State University and a former president of the Border Zone Research Association.This column Originally appeared At the Arizona Republic.

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This article was originally published in The Arizona Republic: COVID-19 vaccine surplus should go to Mexico first