Seoul, South Korea (AP) —The world’s two largest carbon-contaminated countries, the United States and China, urgently climate a few days before President Joe Biden hosts a virtual summit of world leaders to discuss this issue. Agreed to work together to curb fluctuations.
According to a joint statement, at a two-day meeting in Shanghai last week, US special envoy John Kerry for climate change and China’s counterpart Xie Zhenhua reached an agreement.
The statement said, “The two countries are committed to cooperating with each other and with others to tackle the climate crisis. The climate crisis must be dealt with with the seriousness and urgency it demands.” Said.
China is the world’s largest carbon emitter, followed by the United States. Both countries emit almost half of the fossil fuel smoke that warms the Earth’s atmosphere. Their cooperation is key to the success of global efforts to curb climate change, but the relationship between human rights, trade and China’s claim to sovereignty over Taiwan and the South China Sea undermines such efforts. There is a risk of causing it.
Prime Minister Kerry said in a meeting with reporters in Seoul on Sunday that the wording of the statement was “strong” and that the two countries had agreed on “an important factor we must go”. But the former Secretary of State said, “In diplomacy, I learned to take action rather than turn my back on words. We all need to see what happens.”
Noting that China is the world’s largest coal user, Kelly said he and the Chinese authorities had much debate on how to accelerate the global energy shift. “I have never hesitated to express our view shared by many as it is essential to reduce coal everywhere,” he said.
Biden, was invited to the summit meeting of April 22 to 23 days the 40 people of the world’s leaders, including Xi Jinping Jintao of China. The United States and other countries may announce more ambitious national goals to reduce carbon emissions before or at conferences and promise financial support for climate change efforts by less wealthy countries. Expected.
It is unclear how much Kelly’s visit to China will promote US-China cooperation on climate issues.
While Kelly was still in Shanghai, China’s Deputy Foreign Minister Le Yucheng signaled on Friday that China is unlikely to make a new pledge at next week’s summit.
“For a large country with a population of 1.4 billion, these goals are not easy to achieve,” Le said in an interview with the Associated Press in Beijing. “Some countries are calling on China to reach its goals early. I think this is not very realistic.”
In a video conference with German and French leaders on Friday, Xinhua News Agency said climate change “should not be an excuse for geopolitical chips, targets to attack other countries, or trade barriers.”
Regarding whether Mr. Nishi will participate in the summit, Mr. Le said, “The Chinese side is actively studying this issue.”
The joint statement said the two countries were “looking forward” to next week’s summit. “We are eager for (Xi) to attend,” Kelly said at the summit on Sunday, but it is up to China to make that decision.
Biden, who said the fight against global warming was one of his top priorities, rejoined the historic 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement in the first few hours of his inauguration. Canceled the withdrawal of the United States ordered by its predecessor Donald Trump.
Major greenhouse gas emitters are preparing for the next United Nations Climate Summit in Glasgow, England, in November. The summit aims to resume global efforts to keep global temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit), as agreed in the Paris Agreement.
According to the US-China statement, the two countries will step up “each action and cooperation in multilateral processes, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement.”
The two countries also said they would formulate their respective long-term strategies prior to the Glasgow Conference and take “appropriate actions to maximize international investment and funding to support the energy transition of developing countries.” It was.
Xi announced last year that China is aiming to be carbon-neutral by 2060 and reach peak emissions by 2030. In March, the Chinese Communist Party promised to reduce carbon emissions per economic output by 18% over the next five years. It is in line with the goals of the last five years. But environmentalists say China needs to do more.
Biden has promised that the United States will switch to the emission-free electricity sector within 14 years and realize a completely emission-free economy by 2050. Kelly has also urged other countries to work on carbon neutrality by then.
Beijing Associated Press writer Ken Moritsugu contributed to this report.