The US Senator has approved a large spending plan to enhance technology research and production.
The proposed measures face intensifying international competition, especially from China.
Republicans and Democrats have united to pass the bill, despite deep disagreements over many other issues.
The bill must pass the House of Representatives before signing the law.
Proponents say the package is one of the largest industrial bills in US history and the largest investment in scientific research in decades.
“I believe this law will allow the United States to outperform, produce and compete in future industries.” Floor.
With the global shortage of computer chips, we have approved approximately $ 250 billion (£ 176 billion) in funding for technology research, semiconductor development, manufacturing, and funding for robot and chip makers.
The shortage of computer chips is affecting car production when global demand is recovering.
The bill contains a number of China-specific provisions, including a ban on downloading the social media app TikTok to government devices.
The purchase of drones manufactured and sold by Chinese state-owned enterprises is also prohibited by law.
If the bill is passed, Chinese organizations involved in US cyberattacks and theft of US intellectual property will also face sanctions.
In a US Senate vote, 68 out of 100 members supported the bill and 32 opposed it.
The Senate is evenly divided into Republicans and Democrats, with US Vice President Kamala Harris tying the Democrats.
According to experts, this shows how the two parties are united in the need to counter Beijing’s economic and military ambitions.
The bill version must continue to pass the US House of Representatives and settle with the Senate version before it is signed by President Joe Biden and becomes law.
The bill was passed with signs of thaw in Beijing-Washington relations.
In May, China and the United States held a virtual talk between trade negotiators at President Biden’s first such meeting.
The Chinese Ministry of Commerce said in early June that China and the United States had agreed to practically resolve the bilateral issue and resume normal communications.
However, President Biden praised the passage of the bill.
“It’s been a long time ago to invest in American workers and American innovation,” Biden said in a statement.
“We are in the race to win the 21st century and the first guns have moved. We can’t keep up as other countries continue to invest in their own R & D.”