UN commemorates first Palestinian escape from Israel in 1948


United Nations (Associated Press) – For the first time, the United Nations has exiled from what is now Israel to mark the 75th anniversary of the exodus of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians, an action sparked by the United Nations partition of British-ruled Palestine. officially commemorate the divided into a Jewish state and an Arab state.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas It appears in the headlines of Monday’s UN commemoration of what Palestinians call a “Nakba” or “catastrophe”.

Palestinian Ambassador to the United Nations Riyad Mansour said UN compliance was “historic” and important because the General Assembly played a key role in partitioning Palestine.

Mansour recently told UN reporters that he “acknowledges the UN’s responsibility for failing to resolve this catastrophe for the Palestinian people for 75 years.”

“The catastrophe for the Palestinian people continues,” he said. The Palestinians do not yet have an independent state, nor do they have the right to return to their homeland called for in a General Assembly resolution adopted in December 1948. .

Israel’s ambassador to the United Nations Gilad Erdan denounced the commemoration as a “hateful event” and a “blatant attempt to distort history”. He said attendees would condone anti-Semitism and give the Palestinians the green light to “continue to use international institutions to spread slanderous narratives”.

In 1947 the 57-member General Assembly approved a resolution partitioning Palestine by a vote of 33 to 13, with 10 abstentions. The Jewish side accepted the UN partition plan, and Israel declared independence in 1948 when the British mandate expired. The Arabs rejected the plan, and neighboring Arab countries went to war against the Jewish state.

The Nakba commemorates an estimated 700,000 Palestinians who fled or were displaced from their homes in 1948.

The fate of these refugees and their descendants, estimated at more than five million people across the Middle East, remains a major issue in the Arab-Israeli conflict. Israel has rejected calls for the mass repatriation of refugees to their long-disappeared homeland, saying it threatens the country’s Jewish character.

With the 75th anniversary of the founding of the nation approaching, the General Assembly, now composed of 193 nations, voted 90 to 30 abstentions on November 30, 2017, to call on the United Nations Commission on the Exercise of the Non-Aggression Rights of the Palestinian People to organize a high-level meeting. Approved at 47. An event on May 15 to commemorate Nakba.

The United States, along with Israel, was one of the countries that voted against the resolution, and the U.S. delegation said no U.S. diplomats would be present at Monday’s memorial service.

Mansour on Friday explained why the UN commemoration took so long, saying that since the 2012 General Assembly upgraded the status of Palestinians from non-member observer states to non-member observer states, Palestinians have been at the forefront of the United Nations. He told the Associated Press that he was acting cautiously.

The recognition of the United Nations as a nation allows Palestinians to join the treaty and bring cases against the Israeli occupation to the International Criminal Court and the International Court of Justice, the highest court of the United Nations, and in 2019 the United Nations coalition It became possible to chair Group 77, which is a body. 134 countries are mostly developing countries and China.

Five years ago, on the 70th anniversary of the Exodus in 1948, Mr. Mansour said, “The word Nakba was used for the first time in a General Assembly resolution,” after which Mr. Abbas was asked to obtain a power of attorney from the United Nations to mark the 75th anniversary. instructed.

The Nakba Memorial takes place as follows War between Israel and Palestine Protests against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s right-wing government and his regime have intensified. Plans to overhaul Israel’s judicial system It shows no signs of slowing down. The polarization of Israel and the extremist stance of the Netanyahu government have also raised international concerns.

Mansour said Friday that Palestinian refugees were “forcibly removed from their homes and deported by Israel at an unprecedented rate”, reminiscent of 1948.

and Speech at the United Nations Security Council Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad Malki said on April 25 that “the time has come to end the Nakba”, saying Palestinians are suffering from the world’s longest-running refugee crisis and “the longest territorial occupation in modern history”. emphasized. ”

He sharply criticized the United Nations and the broader international community for adopting resolutions demanding and calling for action, but doing nothing to implement them. He said if the international community made the Israeli occupation costly, “it will definitely end.”

Mr. Malki reiterated his call to those countries that have not yet recognized a Palestinian state to “recognize it as a means of salvaging the dying two-state solution.” He also urged states to support Palestinian demands for full accession to the United Nations, demonstrating international support for a two-state solution in which Israelis and Palestinians live side by side in peace. Become.

In order to deal an economic blow to Israel, Mr Malki has banned products from and trade with Israeli settlements, calling for “those who raise money for settlements, those who defend them, and those who promote them”. sanctions,” and urged states to list settler organizations that commit murder. And it will be burned as a “terrorist organization”.

He called on the international community to bring Israel to the International Court of Justice. In December, the General Assembly asked the court to consider the legal implications of Israel’s condemned occupation of Palestinian territory.