President of the United States Joe Biden It’s been nearly 100 days since he quickly began his tenure at the White House, which rushed an executive order, pushed a large spending bill through Congress to fend off the coronavirus pandemic and stimulate the country’s economy. I will.
Biden now pays attention to him environment In front of me Earth day, His administration was forced to pick up debris following a disastrous reign Donald Trump, Who Climate crisis Withdraw from “hoax” Paris AgreementHe assisted in “beautiful clean calls” in the renewable energy sector and engaged in regulatory hacking and reduction to allow drilling on formerly protected public lands.
Mr. Trump’s successor, also facing an American gun violence epidemic, will host the Virtual Climate Summit this week and lead the world in hopes of ensuring a more ambitious commitment to united action. Gather people.
given that John Kerry, Presidential envoy Climate changeSeems to have persuaded China, The world’s largest polluter, Join Washington to deal with the crisis With a new sense of purpose, optimism for the future of the Earth is cautiously heightened.
This shows Biden’s record of climate emergencies as he approached the first century with his best work.
Sign an executive order
Within hours of entering the Oval Office on January 20, after the inauguration, President Biden set about work and signed an order to immediately recommit the United States to the terms of the Paris Agreement. Global warming Up to 1.5 ° C by 2030.
He also put Mr. Trump’s harmful regulatory rollback under immediate review, Measuring the social cost of carbon..
This means rounding to the size of 1 metric ton of damage carbon dioxide What is released today will be effective in the future to assess how much a given policy will affect the economy in the long run.
His administration officially released an initial quote of $ 51 per ton on February 26th.
This early pacing won the new president’s approval from groups such as the Natural Resources Defense Council, the Hinode Movement, and the Indigenous Environmental Network.
Declare a nationally determined contribution
Prior to this week’s summit, Mr Biden is expected to unveil the United States’ new nationally determined contribution (NDC), his administration’s plans to reduce the country. Greenhouse gas emissions For the next decade, nothing has happened since Mr. Trump withdrew from the Paris Agreement.
The American example is that it is the second largest polluter in the world, Recent UN evaluationThe current global NDC will only reduce emissions by 1% by 2030.
“Everyone needs to do a better NDC.” Christiana Figueres saysThe former United Nations Climate Change Officer, who oversaw the Paris Summit in 2015, said: New updates to climate science are emerging, demonstrating that we are dangerously approaching a turning point. We have to accommodate the scale of the challenge, and we have to start the descent. We can no longer follow the path of increased emissions. “
President Biden has set a national goal of reducing emissions by 60% from 2005 levels by 2030 in order to ensure that the world has a solid chance of curbing global temperature rise within the pre-industrial level of 1.5 ° C. You need to stand. Climate behavior tracker showed last month.
Seek cooperation from China
Thanks to Mr. Kelly’s diplomatic efforts to meet with Chinese counterpart Xie Zhenhua in Shanghai last week, the Biden administration has reached an agreement with Beijing to work together to tackle the crisis.
A joint statement released by the US State Department said, “The United States and China are committed to working with each other and with other countries to tackle the climate crisis. The climate crisis is the seriousness and urgency it demands. It must be dealt with by sex. “
This is arguably an important step, but China’s Deputy Foreign Minister Le Yucheng said before Mr Biden’s summit that his country is unlikely to offer any further concessions.
“For a large country with a population of 1.4 billion, these goals are not easy to achieve,” Le said. “Some countries are calling on China to reach its goals early. I think this is not very realistic.”
Li Shuo, Greenpeace’s senior climate adviser, welcomed the announcement anyway and said the joint statement was “as positive as politics allows.”
Holding a virtual summit
President Biden invited 40 world leaders – Xi Jinping And the Russian president Vladimir Putin Among them, attendance is uncertain, but his attendance at the Online White House later this week is an important milestone ahead of the November Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow.
Boris Johnson, Emmanuel Macron, Angela Merkel and Mario Draghi will be attending, but Brazil Jair Bolsonaro, Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Saudi Arabia’s King Salman are also “probably” on the mountain.
Mr. Bolsonaro’s cooperation is also worthwhile, but his Environment Minister Ricardo Salles Reportedly rejected US approach to Amazon rainforest conservation arrangements He said the country would need $ 10 billion in foreign aid annually to reach its 2050 carbon-neutral target.
by Financial Times“On how growing ambitions for climate change create high-paying jobs, advance innovative technologies, and help vulnerable countries adapt to the effects of climate change,” the U.S. President said at his event. I will use it to “emphasize the example”.
Critics of Mr. Biden’s efforts so far have expressed concern that his efforts will eliminate fossil fuel sector jobs such as hydraulic fracturing sector employment in his hometown of Pennsylvania.
It is important for him to deal with these as they are likely to be shared further away.