What is happening and why?


Flowers lay on the image of Mya Thwe Thwe Khaing

Mya Thwe Thwe Khaing was the first person to be killed in anxiety

Massive protests have taken place throughout Myanmar since the military took control on February 1.

Elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi and members of her National League for Democracy (NLD) party are among those detained.

Hundreds of people, including children, were killed.

Where is Myanmar?

Myanmar, also known as Burma, is located in Southeast Asia. It is adjacent to Thailand, Laos, Bangladesh, China and India.

It has a population of about 54 million, most of whom speak Burmese, but other languages ​​as well. The largest city is Yangon (Rangoon), but the capital is Naypyidaw.

The main religion is Buddhism. There are many ethnic groups in the country. Rohingya Muslims..

The country gained independence from England in 1948. It was ruled by the military from 1962 to 2011.

Map of Myanmar

Map of Myanmar

Why is Myanmar also known as Burma?

The ruling party changed its name from Burma to Myanmar in 1989. The two words have the same meaning, but Myanmar is a more formal version.

Several countries, including the United Kingdom, initially refused to use the name as a way to deny the administration’s legitimacy.

However, the use of “Myanmar” has become more and more common, and in 2016 Suu Kyi said it doesn’t matter which name is used.

What happened now and why?

The military has now regained responsibility and declared a state of emergency for a year.

On February 1, Suu Kyi’s NLD party took control following a landslide victory in the general election.

The military supported opponents who claimed widespread fraud and demanded that the vote be re-executed.

The Election Commission said there was no evidence to support these allegations.

The coup happened when a new parliamentary session was set to take place.

Since the coup, Suu Kyi has been detained in an unknown location. She faces a variety of crimes, including violations of the State Secrecy Law, possession of illegal walkie-talkies, and disclosure of information that can “cause fear and vigilance.”

NLDMP, who was able to escape arrest, formed a new group by hiding. Their leaders urged protesters to protect themselves from the crackdown.

Who is in charge now?

Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing came to power.

He has long exercised significant political influence and has successfully maintained the power of the Myanmar Army, the Myanmar Army, even when Myanmar transitioned to democracy.

Min Aung Hlaing, taken in 2018

Min Aung Hlaing is the leader of the coup

He received international criticism and sanctions for his alleged role in military attacks on ethnic minorities.

In his first public comment after the coup, Gen Hlaing sought to justify the acquisition. He said the military was on the side of the people and formed a “true disciplined democracy.”

The military says it will hold “free and fair” elections after an emergency.

How did people react?

The protests against the coup were the largest since the so-called Saffron Revolution in 2007, when thousands of monks stood up against the military regime.

Protesters include teachers, lawyers, students, bank officers, and civil servants.

The military imposes restrictions such as curfew and restrictions on meetings.

Security forces attempted to disperse the protesters using water cannons, rubber bullets, and live ammunition.

March 27, the worst day since the coup, Over 100 people were killed.

Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?

Aung San Suu Kyi became world-famous in the 1990s for a campaign to restore democracy.

She was detained for nearly 15 years between 1989 and 2010 after organizing a rally for democratic reform and free elections.

She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 while under house arrest.

In 2015, she led the NLD to win the openly contested Myanmar election for the first time in 25 years.

Aung San Suu Kyi attends the meeting on September 1, 2020

Aung San Suu Kyi taken in September 2020

How about the Rohingya crackdown?

Myanmar’s treatment of the Rohingya minority has severely damaged Suu Kyi’s international reputation.

Myanmar considers them illegal immigrants and denies citizenship. Over the decades, many have fled the country to escape persecution.

Thousands of Rohingya were killed and more than 700,000 fled to Bangladesh following the 2017 military crackdown.

Suu Kyi appeared in the International Court of Justice in 2019, denying allegations that the military committed the genocide.

How was the international reaction to the coup?

Many countries have accused military takeovers and subsequent crackdowns. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has accused security forces of “reign of terror.”

The United States, Great Britain, and the European Union all respond with sanctions against military personnel.

China blocked a UN Security Council statement condemning the coup, but supported calls for Mr. Suu Kyi’s release and a return to democratic norms. The country has previously opposed international intervention in Myanmar.

Southeast Asian countries have continued their diplomatic efforts to end the crisis.

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